led and lighting Tasmania's "Pristine darkness" needs protection from light pollution

by:Leimove     2019-07-14

A serious astronaut warned that one of the most beautiful and fascinating scenery in the state of Tasmania is being destroyed by light pollution.If human beings are not careful, we may losexa0Night Sky.Twenty-year-old Tasmania David Lennon has been watching the stars with a lens since then.xa0He's still a teenager.He said that light pollution makes the night sky bright, causing bright light and urban sky --Glowing,xa0Stop humans from seeing the stars."I began to notice it more strongly," he said ."."Even in the past few years, I have observed the decline of the natural night sky to a greater extent.This makes me wonder, do we really need as many lights as we can?International darkness-The Sky society began to protect the world from light pollution in 1988, and light pollution is defined as excessive use of artificial lighting, resulting in the disappearance of our starsnight skies.At present, more than 2016 of the international population lives under light pollution, and pollution in nearly 80 countries has increased rapidly or dramatically between 2012 and.The reality is children living in mega cities or buildings.The city or residential area grew up without seeing the stars.International Dark Sky Associationxa0Landon Bannister, founder of Tasmania state, is a lighting expert who tells the story of a friend's child living in Los Angelesxa0The first time he saw the stars in Australia, he cried."It's really sad.This is one of the reasons why we started the dark sky chapter in tazhou.Maybe another thirty to forty years, our children.xa0Will grow in the same way.For those who live in Melbourne and Sydney, this is almost what is happening now, "he said.And we realizedxa0Light pollution from Launceston and Hobart has begun to spread to our world heritage area and we needxa0To protect it.Mr. Bannister said,xa0Still able to protect yourself from light pollution and use its "original"xa0Dark ".He said that the goal of the dark sky Tasmania state is to improve people'sxa0Advocate marketing opportunities for dark sky tours and other dark cities, andxa0In the lobby of a Dark Sky Park in the state.Star Circle in tazhouxa0Known for its dark sky, but Mr Bannisterxa0The country has not yet taken advantage of this opportunity, he said."We can sell our dark sky for the tourism industry."Many people around the world are unable to reach the stars, so they want to see the stars when they are on vacation," he said ."."We want to see a Dark Sky Park in tazhou.Having an amazing dark sky is a good start to developing such a park, Mr. Bannister said, but policymakers need to get involved."You obviously needxa0Dark Skyxa0But the real reason is that there is an area that is not polluted by light."You need to limit the amount of light used and start implementing a good lighting policy," he said ."."We 've been called Green states and I think we can really lead Australia to be a place known for being responsible for the night --We don't have too much time lighting-Light Up Our City, don't be likexa0Major cities in Australia.The International Dark Sky Association defines the Dark Sky Park as an extraordinary land.xa0The Starry Night, as well as the night environment protected by its science, nature, education, cultural heritage and public enjoyment.There are parks like this all over the world. there are more than ten dark parks in the United States,xa0Chile-With its dark sky and "astronomy-tourism\".Australia has only one Dark Sky Park in Warrumbungle in New South Wales, a 24-hectare land that was awarded dark sky status in 2016.From here, billions of stars can be seen stretching through the night sky, and the Milky Way is bright and brightxa0Visible.These stars have an important place in the belief system of gamilaroni people, who are Warrumbungle andxa0Believexa0Emus floating in the skyxa0In the stars of the Galaxyxa0Fly over the sky and guard the land.Indigenous people of Australiaxa0The stars and the moon are an important part of life.xa0Navigate their life on land with stars,xa0And talked aboutxa0They oftenxa0Dream story.They are not alone. the ancient population around the world used the stars for religious and agricultural purposes, such as knowing when.xa0The season begins, the climax indicators, land and sea navigation.Mr Bannister questioned what would happen to humans if the night sky completely disappeared."It's an incredible thing to be able to look up at the stars in surprise, and it's a shame that we might lose it," he said ."."We really don't know what the impact of this loss will be.Theresa Jones, a behavioral ecologist at the University of Melbourne, studied the effects of artificial night lighting on human health.xa0Biological process inxa0Humans and animalsShe said, increasexa0The use of artificial lighting has an impact on the physiology of humans, animals, insects and plants.An important influence is related to the chemical melatonin that regulates the circadian rhythmxa0Sleep-Human Awakening cycle at night and during the dayxa0Animals.Dr. Jones said in the eveningIt's time.xa0The production of melatonin in the body stops, which indicates thatxa0The body closes and falls asleep, instead, when resting during the day,xa0The body woke up."The animals are changing their behavior due to the extra lights at night," Dr. Jones said .".\ "During the day activities, the animals sleeping at night suddenly extend the time of the day, because there is no longer darkness, the night animals who want to be active in the dark may try to leave their normal habitat, to escape the light, "she said."Changing the amount of light at night also means we cover up the season, which can lead to a change in reproductionxa0If the offspring are born at the wrong time of the year, then it causes food supply problems because the food is not produced at the right time.For Mr Bannister, a lot of research on the effects of light pollution on animalsxa0Species are a huge driving force for change.\ "It started throwing away bird migrations where birds needed Star navigation, and a German study showed that the number of Red Sea Turtles dropped sharply as they used the moonlight to find the place to spawn, but I saw the bright lights of the city and went the wrong way.xa0The biomass of insects is found to bexa0"30 per cent less than a decade ago, which is related to light pollution, which has an impact on pollination and fauna," he said .".What is more concerned is the study of the impact on human health, in which sleep disorders, depression and mood disordersxa0Changes in circadian rhythmxa0Rhythm."Artificial light is now also associated with obesity, diabetes and even breast cancer," Mr Bannister said ."."In Denmark, night shift workers sued the government for light problems, and 82 workers had breast cancer, which is related to working in a company --Bright environmentxa0Evening.Mr Bannister explained that the darknessThe sky movement does not object to the use of artificial light, on the contrary, it urges society to use light in an appropriate and effective manner.There are very few governments and policy makers who can adapt to the problem of light pollution, so very "ordinary" urban lighting decisions are being made, he said."On a global scale, we estimate that more than outdoor lighting is actually a waste, and it is quite considerable when we use the total energy consumption for outdoor lighting, he said."As an example of a bad urban lighting, my lights have recently been upgraded.They are shooting half the light on their side so that the light does not shine on the street where people need them, but on someone's front yard.Excessive use of LED lighting makes this problem more complicated.Mr. barristers saidxa0Due to the fact that more lights are being installed now, the energy efficiency of the LED cannot be achieved.He says the blue is higher.The light in the LED has the effect of whiteningLight, penetrating the atmosphere at a greater level than the traditional light source, and causingxa0The sky has increased.glow\".Melatonin is also particularly sensitive to this blue LED light, soxa0Has a greater impact on circadian rhythmxa0Rhythm."It's just to implement a common sense solution, put the light where it's needed, control the light, and eliminate the glare," says Mr barristers ."."Does our city need to be 9.1 bright at three in the morning?Should they be on motion sensors if we have paths?Does the light need to be on all the time when there is no lightOne in the park?Mr. Bannister said that humans evolved from sitting by the campfire and walking in the moonlight, where their bodies were designed to be warm, low-level light at night, and weExpansion is to protect yourself from strong light.The lights will affect our mood."If our outdoor environment is bright and bad, then we don't want to stay there because it's not natural for us," he said .".He used the example of hotel lighting, andxa0Lights for festivalsxa0Director Lee Carmichael is a member of the dark skyxa0Sports, who recently?xa0As part of next year's event, he said, he wanted to see lights darken in all cities."The hotel industry trades in lighting and spends a lot of time and effort on low cost"Because they want you to stay longer and spend more money," Mr Bannister said ."."We need to do this for our city.We don't.xa0Need to make our city brighter at night by adding lighting and creating a dayTime environment.Instead, we need to see them as a completely independent environment to create a double economy and realize that the night --Time lighting is required.He said the use of fire and red lightxa0Mofo is a good idea in the dark."Red, as a visual light source, looks much easier and less noticeable, and it reduces light by about 80, so the whole city goes dark," he said ."."This is a great one.xa0At that time of the year, seeing more people go out,xa0For me, I'm sure how the city feelsxa0A little dim, less melancholy, more humanxa0It has played a great role in this regard.For people like Mr. Lennon who often look up at the starsxa0For creative inspiration, excessive use of artificial lighting is a threat to the wild nature of tazhou, the uniqueness of the wild and the human spirit."When you look up and can't see the city sky above you, I personally feel very closed in the big city."So, I hope to keep taking pictures of the night sky and help motivate others to stare at the stars and take everything in," he said ."                                

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